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http://www.guyana.org/features/wismar_report.html

CHAPTER 2

RECENT DISTURBANCES AT WISMAR-CHRISTIANBURG-MACKENZIE

I. Background

The Colony of British Guiana was in a state of unrest during the time of the disturbances in the Wismar-Christianburg-Mackenzie area - May 1964.

A strike had been called in the sugar industry by the Guyana Agricultural Workers Union [G.A.W.U.] to enforce their demand for recognition as the bargaining agent for the majority of the workers in that industry. The Sugar Producers' Association [S.P.A.] had for many years recognised the Man Power Citizens' Association [M.P.C.A.] which refused to agree to the holding of a poll among sugar workers to settle the question.

This strike must be regarded in the context of the division which had developed in recent years between the East Indians, the majority of whom supported the People's Progressive Party [P.P.P.] led by Dr. Cheddi B. Jagan and the majority of the Africans in the population who supported the P.N.C. [People's National Congress] led by Mr. Forbes Burnham. While the G.A.W.U. was the "industrial arm" of the P.P.P., the President of the M.P.C.A., Mr. Richard Ishmael, was against the P.P.P. and seemed to enjoy the mutual confidence and support of the P.N.C. and Mr. Burnham.

Although the strike which commenced in February 1964 was peaceful at first, as time dragged on with no solution in sight tempers flared, and there were clashes between strikers and non-strikers, especially after the employment of Africans as strike breakers. When two non-strikers were killed by a bomb blast at Tain on the Corentyne Coast, and a G.A.W.U. supporter squatting at the entrance of Leonora Sugar Factory was crushed to death by an estate tractor, both sides claimed their martyrs. Following these incidents, the violence was intensified over the greater part of the East and West Coast of Demerara. Many people were murdered and there were numerous cases of arson and bombings.

The murder of a negro couple at Buxton on Thursday 21st May [the Sealeys] had its repercussions in attacks on East Indians and their property in the streets of Georgetown on the afternoon of Friday 22nd May. Violence had reached such a pitch that Your Excellency was advised by the Government to declare a state of emergency on that evening. Three days later, on Monday 25th May, the violence which had until then been confined to the coastal strip was extended to the Wismar-Mackenzie-Christianburg area resulting in widespread disturbances which it has been our task to investigate.

Last edited by Former Member
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http://www.guyana.org/features/Day_1.pdf

Part of Transcripts–Day 1

SUGRIM SINGH: Prior to 25th May, 1964, you having been there since November last year, do you recall any racial or other disturbances in Wismar?

BENDER: No, I don’t recall any.

SUGRIM SINGH: Do you agree with me that the residents in that area, Indians and Africans, lived in complete harmony up to around the 25th May?

BENDER: Yes.

SUGRIM SINGH: Do you agree with me, Mr. Bender, that in the social field –I am talking about clubs, debating societies and other social amenities in the district –Indians and Africans were together? Could you of your own knowledge living in that district at the time give this Commission any reasons in the light of the background you have admitted of complete harmony, any reason for this sudden outbreak of violence, Africans attacking Indians on the 25th May?

BENDER: It was surprising to me.

SUGRIM SINGH: My instructions are that there was an allegation of an adult Indian kicking a Negro boy. Did you hear of this?

BENDER: Yes I heard.

SUGRIM SINGH: And my instructions are that this touched off the occurrence of the 25th May. Do you agree with this?

BENDER: Yes, I heard so.

SUGRIM SINGH: Again, I promise not to ask you what you heard. Now, let us come back. Mr. Bender, is it within your knowledge that it is usual for the Mackenzie area to be visited by ex-convicts and people of questionable reputation ?

BENDER: Yes.

SUGRIM SINGH: Do you remember seeing any outstanding criminals on the relevant date, May 25th, 1964?

BENDER: Yes, I had heard there was an abnormal influx.

SUGRIM SINGH: Mr. Bender, do you remember seeing strange faces from Georgetown? Crowds of young men, strangers in the district in white shirts and dark trousers?

BENDER: I heard about this.

SUGRIM SINGH: Are you aware of the fact that bombs were used in the destruction of houses?

BENDER: There were loud explosions.

SUGRIM SINGH: Are you aware, Mr. Bender, of men, women and children seeking shelter and this request was refused by their immediate neighbours of African descent? In a population of eighteen thousand people, two thousand were attacked by a comparatively speaking small crowd of unruly people? Are you aware of any efforts by the rest of the population in that area to intervene to avert this catastrophe?

BENDER: No.

SUGRIM SINGH: Mr. Bender, are you aware of any effort by the local authority, the Churches and prominent individuals in that area to intervene to avert the atrocities at Wismar?

BENDER: No.

SUGRIM SINGH: I am sure you will unhesitatingly agree with me that had the other fifteen thousand people intervened they would have averted this happening?

BENDER: Yes.

Last edited by Django
ronan posted:

"two non-strikers were killed by a bomb blast at Tain"

PPP bombs or PNC bombs?

let's discuss terror

Dude...

you have an obsession and a fetish for this race thing...now you gone "nit-picking" for terrorism....

First you invoke a dead man, Daley Bisnate, now you referencing an old man who probably have faint memory about that event.

Who cares if it was "PPP" or "PNC" bombs?

We know what your sole purpose here is...

you representing the Black KKK views trying to incite the Indo KKKs into reinvoking another cyber race war reflective of the one that took place 60 years age...most of us were not even born yet...

Indos got their Wismar, Afros got Son Chapmann...let it rest...a COI was done...why you starting shyte after several threads were dedicated to this already?

You should focus your energy on how to prevent such a tragedy....

If you got nothing useful to do....go watch the Memorial Day Parade...thats where I am going...

Posters should let this thread die a slow death...useless dribble.

VishMahabir posted:
ronan posted:

"two non-strikers were killed by a bomb blast at Tain"

PPP bombs or PNC bombs?

let's discuss terror

Dude...

you have an obsession and a fetish for this race thing...now you gone "nit-picking" for terrorism....

First you invoke a dead man, Daley Bisnate, now you referencing an old man who probably have faint memory about that event.

Who cares if it was "PPP" or "PNC" bombs?

We know what your sole purpose here is...

you representing the Black KKK views trying to incite the Indo KKKs into reinvoking another cyber race war reflective of the one that took place 60 years age...most of us were not even born yet...

Indos got their Wismar, Afros got Son Chapmann...let it rest...a COI was done...why you starting shyte after several threads were dedicated to this already?

You should focus your energy on how to prevent such a tragedy....

If you got nothing useful to do....go watch the Memorial Day Parade...thats where I am going...

Posters should let this thread die a slow death...useless dribble.

Write his name on a banner and wave em at the parade in his memory.

Django posted:

http://www.guyana.org/features/Day_1.pdf

Part of Transcripts–Day 1

SUGRIM SINGH: Prior to 25th May, 1964, you having been there since November last year, do you recall any racial or other disturbances in Wismar?

BENDER: No, I don’t recall any.

SUGRIM SINGH: Do you agree with me that the residents in that area, Indians and Africans, lived in complete harmony up to around the 25th May?

BENDER: Yes.

SUGRIM SINGH: Do you agree with me, Mr. Bender, that in the social field –I am talking about clubs, debating societies and other social amenities in the district –Indians and Africans were together? Could you of your own knowledge living in that district at the time give this Commission any reasons in the light of the background you have admitted of complete harmony, any reason for this sudden outbreak of violence, Africans attacking Indians on the 25th May?

BENDER: It was surprising to me.

SUGRIM SINGH: My instructions are that there was an allegation of an adult Indian kicking a Negro boy. Did you hear of this?

BENDER: Yes I heard.

SUGRIM SINGH: And my instructions are that this touched off the occurrence of the 25th May. Do you agree with this?

BENDER: Yes, I heard so.

SUGRIM SINGH: Again, I promise not to ask you what you heard. Now, let us come back. Mr. Bender, is it within your knowledge that it is usual for the Mackenzie area to be visited by ex-convicts and people of questionable reputation ?

BENDER: Yes.

SUGRIM SINGH: Do you remember seeing any outstanding criminals on the relevant date, May 25th, 1964?

BENDER: Yes, I had heard there was an abnormal influx.

SUGRIM SINGH: Mr. Bender, do you remember seeing strange faces from Georgetown? Crowds of young men, strangers in the district in white shirts and dark trousers?

BENDER: I heard about this.

SUGRIM SINGH: Are you aware of the fact that bombs were used in the destruction of houses?

BENDER: There were loud explosions.

SUGRIM SINGH: Are you aware, Mr. Bender, of men, women and children seeking shelter and this request was refused by their immediate neighbours of African descent? In a population of eighteen thousand people, two thousand were attacked by a comparatively speaking small crowd of unruly people? Are you aware of any efforts by the rest of the population in that area to intervene to avert this catastrophe?

BENDER: No.

SUGRIM SINGH: Mr. Bender, are you aware of any effort by the local authority, the Churches and prominent individuals in that area to intervene to avert the atrocities at Wismar?

BENDER: No.

SUGRIM SINGH: I am sure you will unhesitatingly agree with me that had the other fifteen thousand people intervened they would have averted this happening?

BENDER: Yes.

a couple things of note:

Wismar at that time was mostly an unorganized squatting area with a deep reservoir of poor, unemployed people, unlike the situation obtaining in Mackenzie proper

same for Kara Kara which had sprung up in proximity to the mine of the same name

the institutions of governance, Law & Order, the hospital, the bauxite/Alumina operations all resided in Mackenzie, across the river . . . there was no bridge then

yes, Wismar was a nightmare in late May 1964 for any Afro sympathizing with Indian life and property under attack . . . in fact, many of them so inclined fled to Mackenzie for the duration of the pogrom along with many Indians whose properties were looted and destroyed

Last edited by Former Member
VishMahabir posted:
ronan posted:

"two non-strikers were killed by a bomb blast at Tain"

PPP bombs or PNC bombs?

let's discuss terror

Dude...

you have an obsession and a fetish for this race thing...now you gone "nit-picking" for terrorism....

First you invoke a dead man, Daley Bisnate, now you referencing an old man who probably have faint memory about that event.

Who cares if it was "PPP" or "PNC" bombs?

We know what your sole purpose here is...

you representing the Black KKK views trying to incite the Indo KKKs into reinvoking another cyber race war reflective of the one that took place 60 years age...most of us were not even born yet...

Posters should let this thread die a slow death...useless dribble.

banna tek a seat . . . your bruised ego seeking a do-over

sorry, there is none on offer

i bring sanity and FACTS to shame the evil people engaged in a Hate Speech orgy these past couple of days on GNI

and somehow you vex

choosing ME of all people to cuss down as "KKK"

wandering, ignorant and exposed . . . you don't even have the good sense to examine the Kwayana quote and educate yourself

ahhh yes, the "1000 X 3" foaming at the mouth LIARDS  must be given space to defame Black people

it's a privilege exclusive to certain points of view on race relations in Guyana that must be fed oxygen here at all costs . . . decency and civilized discourse be damned

aritey den . . . dem bais (Dave, DrugB and others INVISIBLE to you), i am sure, welcome your bent back lugging wan oxygen tank

instructive that you wish my thread "die a slow death" but long life to dis wan freighted with race hate and BIG LIES! https://guyana.hoop.la/topic/w...assacre-commemorated

how dare RONAN pour TRUTH on their parade

hmmmm . . .?

Last edited by Former Member
VishMahabir posted:

Dude...

you have an obsession and a fetish for this race thing...now you gone "nit-picking" for terrorism....

First you invoke a dead man, Daley Bisnate, now you referencing an old man who probably have faint memory about that event.

Who cares if it was "PPP" or "PNC" bombs?

We know what your sole purpose here is...

you representing the Black KKK views trying to incite the Indo KKKs into reinvoking another cyber race war reflective of the one that took place 60 years age...most of us were not even born yet...

Indos got their Wismar, Afros got Son Chapmann...let it rest...a COI was done...why you starting shyte after several threads were dedicated to this already?

You should focus your energy on how to prevent such a tragedy....

If you got nothing useful to do....go watch the Memorial Day Parade...thats where I am going...

Posters should let this thread die a slow death...useless dribble.

Banna, ah kno yuh gat ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder - I spelled it out just suh yuh wouldn't ask what it means), but you gotta be an idiot if you don't see the postings of the rabid indo kkk screaming and distorting hay.

Nobody denying the events in Wismar and the violence directed toward Indians by Afro Guyanese. But to describe it as a massacre where 3,000 indian people died is dishonest at least.

And here you come wid yuh numbskull ramblings, jumping pon de band wagon talking shit and admonishing people about use of words like "racist" whilst restraining yuhself from addressing the indian RACISTS busy sullying their mattie Indians by distorting facts.

Last edited by Former Member
ronan posted:
Drugb posted:
ronan posted:

"two non-strikers were killed by a bomb blast at Tain"

PPP bombs or PNC bombs?

let's discuss terror

Can you explain what the indos of linden/wismar had to do with the bombing?

they had nothing to do with it

they also had nothing to do with the bombing of the Sun Chapman

what's your point?

Then why did your people murder, rape, beat and chase them out of linden/wismar? Were they not innocent and not deserving of the punishment inflicted by your pnc scumbags?

Drugb posted:
ronan posted:
Drugb posted:
ronan posted:

"two non-strikers were killed by a bomb blast at Tain"

PPP bombs or PNC bombs?

let's discuss terror

Can you explain what the indos of linden/wismar had to do with the bombing?

they had nothing to do with it

they also had nothing to do with the bombing of the Sun Chapman

what's your point?

Then why did your people murder, rape, beat and chase them out of linden/wismar?

"my people" . . .??

if you want to have a conversation don't predicate it on stupid, sick-minded insults to me and my family

arite?

Last edited by Former Member
ronan posted:
"my people" . . .??

if you want to have a conversation don't predicate it with sick-minded insults to me and my family

arite?

Don't get your panties in a bunch, you people refers to the folks of linden/wismar who you support in their "punishment" of indos for the sun chapman bombing.  Everytime a white cop shoots a black, do you go beat rob, rape and expel your white neighbors? Yall rass only tek yuh eyes pass indos, you bow down to the white man.    

Drugb posted:
ronan posted:
"my people" . . .??

if you want to have a conversation don't predicate it on stupid, sick-minded insults to me and my family

arite?

Don't get your panties in a bunch, you people refers to the folks of linden/wismar who you support in their "punishment" of indos for the sun chapman bombing.   

the Sun Chapman bombing occurred more than a month after "Wismar"

try to keep up

Last edited by Former Member
ronan posted:
Drugb posted:
ronan posted:
"my people" . . .??

if you want to have a conversation don't predicate it on stupid, sick-minded insults to me and my family

arite?

Don't get your panties in a bunch, you people refers to the folks of linden/wismar who you support in their "punishment" of indos for the sun chapman bombing.   

the Sun Chapman bombing occurred more than a month after "Wismar"

try to keep up

So that is even worse,  why your people did what they did? Seems like afro nazi, similar to the germans and the jews. 

ronan posted:
 

a couple things of note:

Wismar at that time was mostly an unorganized squatting area with a deep reservoir of poor, unemployed people, unlike the situation obtaining in Mackenzie proper

same for Kara Kara which had sprung up in proximity to the mine of the same name

the institutions of governance, Law & Order, the hospital, the bauxite/Alumina operations all resided in Mackenzie, across the river . . . there was no bridge then

yes, Wismar was a nightmare in late May 1964 for any Afro sympathizing with Indian life and property under attack . . . in fact, many of them so inclined fled to Mackenzie for the duration of the pogrom along with many Indians whose properties were looted and destroyed

Thanks for the clarity, never visited the area, also in 1964, i  previously mentioned was in my early teenage years.

Drugb posted:
ronan posted:
Drugb posted:
ronan posted:
"my people" . . .??

if you want to have a conversation don't predicate it on stupid, sick-minded insults to me and my family

arite?

Don't get your panties in a bunch, you people refers to the folks of linden/wismar who you support in their "punishment" of indos for the sun chapman bombing.   

the Sun Chapman bombing occurred more than a month after "Wismar"

try to keep up

So that is even worse,  why your people did what they did? Seems like afro nazi, similar to the germans and the jews. 

i started this thread to educate slow stupids like you about the context of Wismar May 25-28, 1964

study the section of the Wismar Report i posted [don't just skim and bray like before] and get back to me

ok?

ronan posted:

a couple things of note:

Wismar at that time was mostly an unorganized squatting area with a deep reservoir of poor, unemployed people, unlike the situation obtaining in Mackenzie proper

same for Kara Kara which had sprung up in proximity to the mine of the same name

the institutions of governance, Law & Order, the hospital, the bauxite/Alumina operations all resided in Mackenzie, across the river . . . there was no bridge then

to clarify just so Dem_Guy doan jump all over me

Kara Kara is on the 'Mackenzie' side of the river

the Magistrates Court for historical, anomalous reasons then (and today) is located at Christianburg, the oldest settlement (on the 'Wismar' side)

Last edited by Former Member
Dondadda posted:
ronan posted:

"two non-strikers were killed by a bomb blast at Tain"

PPP bombs or PNC bombs?

let's discuss terror

Ronan, why would you like to discuss terror when you are the face of terror. Tell me why? 

banna, if you have nothing grown-up to contribute, please go shakeabatty with Dave and drugb on the other thread

thanks

Drugb posted:
ronan posted:
"my people" . . .??

if you want to have a conversation don't predicate it with sick-minded insults to me and my family

arite?

Don't get your panties in a bunch, you people refers to the folks of linden/wismar who you support in their "punishment" of indos for the sun chapman bombing.  Everytime a white cop shoots a black, do you go beat rob, rape and expel your white neighbors? Yall rass only tek yuh eyes pass indos, you bow down to the white man.    

The reason no response is made is that the White Para military forces such as the KKK and the Neo Nazis will respond with letal force. 

Prashad posted:

The reason no response is made is that the White Para military forces such as the KKK and the Neo Nazis will respond with letal force. 

hence y'all 'ambition'

what a sad little man you have become in your old age

begging around in diseased company for 'political' viagra to give your limpness "letal" force

smfh

Last edited by Former Member
Django posted:

Some of the post aren't the real Drugb, looks like an imposter.

The imposter is trying out for a Nobel Prize. See the 'Magistrate jails police inspector' thread where I was rolling on the floor laughing at the post immediately above where the imposter exposed herself about being ashamed if her black friends read the shyte she writes here.     

Iguana posted:
VishMahabir posted:

Dude...

you have an obsession and a fetish for this race thing...now you gone "nit-picking" for terrorism....

First you invoke a dead man, Daley Bisnate, now you referencing an old man who probably have faint memory about that event.

Who cares if it was "PPP" or "PNC" bombs?

We know what your sole purpose here is...

you representing the Black KKK views trying to incite the Indo KKKs into reinvoking another cyber race war reflective of the one that took place 60 years age...most of us were not even born yet...

Indos got their Wismar, Afros got Son Chapmann...let it rest...a COI was done...why you starting shyte after several threads were dedicated to this already?

You should focus your energy on how to prevent such a tragedy....

If you got nothing useful to do....go watch the Memorial Day Parade...thats where I am going...

Posters should let this thread die a slow death...useless dribble.

Banna, ah kno yuh gat ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder - I spelled it out just suh yuh wouldn't ask what it means), but you gotta be an idiot if you don't see the postings of the rabid indo kkk screaming and distorting hay.

Nobody denying the events in Wismar and the violence directed toward Indians by Afro Guyanese. But to describe it as a massacre where 3,000 indian people died is dishonest at least.

And here you come wid yuh numbskull ramblings, jumping pon de band wagon talking shit and admonishing people about use of words like "racist" whilst restraining yuhself from addressing the indian RACISTS busy sullying their mattie Indians by distorting facts.

Dude...

I said this was an over-reach. AND, I noted this was not a "massacre". There was no massacre of 3,000 people. It was a pogrom that uprooted an entire village. Most sane people can gather this much from reading the COI. 

There is guilt on both sides....

What is the point in you and your sidekick belaboring this point?