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A Mosque is a place of worship for followers of Islam. Muslims often refer to the mosque by its Arabic name, masjid. The primary purpose of the mosque is to serve as a place where Muslims can come together for prayer. Nevertheless, mosques are known around the world nowadays for their general importance to the Muslim community as well as their demonstration of Islamic architecture.


In this post we shall list a few beautiful Masjids from around the world, and even affix a background write up.

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Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque is an Islamic Mosque located in Bandar Seri Begawan, the Capital of the Sultanate of Brunei. Considered as one of the most beautiful Mosques in the Asia Pacific, it is a place of worship for the Muslim community, a major landmark and a tourist attraction of Brunei.

Named after Omar Ali Saifuddien 111, the 28th Sultan of Brunei who also initiated its construction, the mosque serves as a symbol of the Islamic faith in Brunei and dominates the skyline of Bandar Seri Begawan. The building was completed in 1958 and is an example of modern Islamic Architecture.

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The mosque unites Mughal Architecture and Italian styles. The plans were done by Booty and Edwards Chartered Architects according to designs by the Italian architect Cavaliere Rudolfo Nolli, who had already for decades been working at the Gulf of Siam.

Built in an artificial Lagoon on the banks of the Brunei River at Kampong Ayer- the "village in the water", the mosque has Marble Minarets and golden domes, a courtyard and is surrounded by a large number of trees and Floral Gardens. A bridge reaches across the lagoon to Kampong Ayer in the middle of the river. Another marble bridge leads to a structure in the lagoon meant as a replica of a 16th Century Sultan Bolkiah Mahligai Barge. The barge itself was completed in 1967 to commemorate the 1,400th anniversary of Nuzul Al-Quran (coming down of the Quran) and was used to stage the Quran reading competitions.

The mosque's most recognizable feature - the main dome, is covered in pure gold. The mosque stands 52 m (171 ft) high and can be seen from virtually anywhere in Bandar Seri Begawan. The main Minaret is the mosque's tallest feature. In a unique way it mixes Renaissance and Italian Architectural style. The minaret has an elevator to the top, where a visitor can enjoy a panoramic view of the city.

The interior of the mosque is for prayer only, with features such as stained glass windows, arches, semi domes and marble columns. Nearly all the material used for the building were imported from abroad: the marble from Italy, the Granite from Shanghai, the crystal Chandeliers from England and the Carpets from Saudi Arabia from Saudi Arabia.

Courtesy: Wiki the free enclopedia




Masjid Raya Mosque (Tanjong Pinang, Indonesia)


Architectural information


The mosque was designed by an Italian architect and built by the Dutch colonial administration as a token of reconciliation following their destruction of an older mosque during the Aceh Wars. Construction of the mosque commenced in 1879 and was completed in 1881. The initial mosque were smaller and consist of a single dome. Years later the mosque were renovated and expanded by constructing additional wings. The mosque survived the massive 2004 tsunami which destroyed much of the rest of the city of Banda Aceh





Masjid Raya Mosque (Tanjong Pinang, Indonesia)


File:Meuseujid Raya Bayturrahman.JPG

Baiturrahman Grand Mosque

The design of the mosque combines influences of European colonial and Moghul Indian Islamic architecture. The black domes are uniquely constructed from hard wood shingles combined as tiles. The mosque incorporates a few traditional Aceh decorative elements and features. Today the mosque is the famous landmark of Banda Aceh and has become the symbol of the city also represents the cultural uniqueness of the Acehnese people.





File:Cristal Mosque in Kuala Terengganu.jpg

Crystal Mosque is one of the most inimitably designed masjids of the world which not only creates a heart capturing view of its surroundings but also shows the awesome crystal art work. It is located in Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia. As it is built on a small island of Wad Man, most of its area is surrounded by water which creates a unique attraction towards it. At night, with the reflection from water, the glowing lights create a stunning scene which cannot be expressed in views. The Crystal Mosque is also counted in the list of Islamic monuments of the world.


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Crystal Mosque is a mosque which is very popular with the uniqueness of the mosque and made one of the most popular tourist attractions in Malaysia. The mosque is located in the in the Islamic Heritage Park in Wan man Island.

The mosque is located in the in the Islamic Heritage Park in Wan man Island. Mosque was built between the years 2006 to 2008 and was officially opened on 8 February 2008 by 13th in Pertuan Agong, Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu. The mosque in lightly coat the steel, glass and crystal that is used as the main ingredient in the development of three and form a look that is truly remarkable and it’s amazing. Crystal Mosque has a capacity to accommodate more than 1,500 worshippers at one time and made one of the most beautiful Mosques in the world. This mosque is the mosque of tourism are good with interesting sites. Build the mosque to spend the funds very much at all. You come to this mosque will get carried away once excited, because you can enjoy the beauty of the mosque here, which was very good. The mosque is an awful lot of tourists from different countries to come here, to see the beauty of the mosque is a very solid foundation of all.

Crystal Mosque has become popular once in Malaysia and the tourists to see the mosque. Every day, a lot of tourists come here. Because of the beauty of the mosque is very beautiful and very stunning beauty. Hotels in the vicinity of the mosque has also brimming with tourists as the hotel here in complete with suitable facilities for your weekend getaway with Spa and massage to relax. If you want to find and eat here also there is a restaurant which is very delicious and very tasty. The mosque is very unusual and very unique, once in a while.



Originally Posted by seignet:

A man's heart is a Temple. Out of it breathes good and evil-and only God knows his intentions. Inanimate objects are only pleasant to the eyes. In the deluge of Noah days, the power of water removed all traces of the great monuments satan and his demons built. Paraphrasing from Genisis.


Yes I do agree Beautiful Mosque of the World are pleasing to the eyes and yet they are inanimate object and inanimate objects are evil. Even the caligraphy in gold scrolled on the walls of the mosques represents an inanimate object and yet they are pleasing to the eyes, but yet they are imanimate objects and evil, and so my writings here of inanimate objects that are all evil, but yet again I prefer to do it. Whatever is in my heart is not for man to judge, as I can be the worst of man and yet I believe that even if I do one particular iota of good then that can get me into God's Favor: I am certain that you know the story of  the 'prostitute and the thirsty dog' or the very very pious Barsisi. 




Al-Masjid Al-Haramβ€Ž, The Sacred Mosque or The Grand Mosque) is in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. It is the largest Mosque in the world and surrounds one of Islam's holiest places, the Kaaba Muslims face in the direction of the Kaaba while performing Salat. One of the Five Pillars of Islam requires every Muslim to perform the Hajj pilgrimage at least once in his or her lifetime if able to do so, includes circumanbulation of the Kaaba.

The current structure covers an area of 356,800 square metres (88.2 acres) including the outdoor and indoor praying spaces and can accommodate up to Two million worshipers during the Hajj period, one of the largest annual gatherings of people in the world. Unlike many other mosques which are segregated, men and women can worship at Al-Masjid Al-Haram together.






According to Islamic tradition the very first construction of the Kaaba, the heart of Al-Masjid Al-Haram, was undertaken by Abraham. The Qur'an said that this was the first house built for humanity to worship Allah.

With the order of the God, Ibrahim and his son Ishmael found the original foundation and rebuilt the Kaaba in 2130 BCE. Hajar-Al-Aswad, the Black Stone situated on the lower side of the eastern corner of the Kaaba, is believed to be the only remnant of the original structure made by Ibraham.

Muslim belief also places the story of Ismael's mother searching for water in the general vicinity of the mosque. In the story, Hagar runs between the hills of Safa and Marwah looking for water for her infant son until God eventually reveals her the Zamzam. The "Zamzam well" and "Safa and Marwah" are structures in Al-Masjid al-Haram.






Al-Masjid al-NabawΔ«, often called the Prophet's Mosque, is a mosque built by the Prophet of Islam Muhammad (SAW) and situated in the city of Medina. It is the second holiest site in Islam (the first being the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca). It was the second mosque built in history and is now one of the largest mosque in the world. After an expansion during the reign of Al- Walid 1, it also now incorporates the site of the final resting place of Muhammad(SAW) and early Muslim leaders Abu Bakr and Umar (RA)

The site was originally adjacent to Muhammad's house; he settled there after his Hijra (emigration) to Medina in 622. He shared in the heavy work of construction. The original mosque was an open-air building. The basic plan of the building has been adopted in the building of other mosques throughout the world.

The mosque also served as a community center, a court, and a religious school. There was a raised platform for the people who taught the Quran. Subsequent Islamic rulers greatly expanded and decorated it. In 1909, it became the first place in the Arabian Peninsula to be provided with electrical lights. The mosque is under the control of the Custodian of the two Holy Mosques.

One of the most notable features of the site is the Green Dome in the south-east corner of the mosque, originally Aisha's (RA) house, where the tomb of Muhammad is located. In 1279 AD, a wooden cupola was built over the tomb which was later rebuilt and renovated multiple times in late 15th century and once in 1817. The dome was first painted green in 1837, and later became known as the Green Dome.

The mosque is located in what was traditionally the center of Medina, with many hotels and old markets nearby. It is a major pilgrimage site. Many pilgrims who perform the Hajj go on to Medina to visit the mosque and the Prophet's Tomb. The mosque is open for service 24/7, all year round.





First built

The original mosque was built by Prophet Mohammed and his companions next to the house where he settled after his journey to Medina in 622 CE. The original mosque was an open-air building (covered by palm fronds) with a raised platform for the reading of the Quran. It was a rectangular enclosure of 30 m Γ— 35 m (98 ft Γ— 115 ft) at a height of 2 m (6 ft 7 in) wall which was built with palm trunks and mud walls. It was accessed through three doors: Bab Rahmah (Door of Mercy) to the south, Bab Jibril (Door of Gabriel) to the west and Bab al-Nisa' (Door of the Women) to the east.The basic plan of the building has since been adopted in the building of most mosques throughout the world.

Inside, Prophet Mohammed created a shaded area to the south called the suffah and aligned the prayer space facing north towards Jerusalem. When the qibal (prayer direction) was changed to face the Kaaba in Mecca, the mosque was re-oriented to the south. The mosque also served as a community center, a court, and a religious school.

Seven years later (629 AD/7 AH), the mosque was doubled in size to accommodate the increasing number of Muslims. The area of the mosque was enlarged by 20 m Γ— 15 m (66 ft Γ— 49 ft) and became almost a square 50 m Γ— 49.5 m (164 ft Γ— 162 ft). The height increased to became 3.5 m (11 ft) and the mosque encompassed 35 columns.

The mosque remained like that during the caliphate of Abu Bakr until the caliphate of 'Umar bin al-Khattab, who enlarged the area of the mosque to 3575 m2 and built more wooden columns.

During the time of Uthman ibn Affan an arcade of stone and plaster was added to the mosque and the columns were remolded and built of stone.









When Bin Saud took Medina in 1805, his followers, the Wahhabis, demolished nearly every tomb dome in Medina in order to prevent their veneration, and the Green Dome is said to have narrowly escaped the same fate. Prophet Mohammed 's tomb was stripped of its gold and jewel ornaments, but the dome was preserved either because of an unsuccessful attempt to demolish its hardened structure, or because some time ago Ibn Abd al- Wahhab wrote that he did not wish to see the dome destroyed despite his aversion to people praying at the tomb. Similar events took place in 1925 when the Saudi Ikhwans retookβ€”and this time managed to keepβ€”the city. In the Wahabi interpretation of Islam, the veneration of tombs and places thought to possess supernatural powers was an offense against tawhid.


After the foundation of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932, the mosque underwent several major modifications. In 1951 King Ibn Saud (1932–1953) ordered demolitions around the mosque to make way for new wings to the east and west of the prayer hall, which consisted of concrete columns with pointed arches. Older columns were reinforced with concrete and braced with copper rings at the top. The Suleymaniyya and Majidiyya minarets were replaced by two minarets in Mamluk revival style. Two additional minarets were erected to the northeast and northwest of the mosque. A library was built along the western wall to house historic Qurans and other religious texts.


In 1973 Saudi King Faisal bin Abdul Aziz ordered the construction of temporary shelters to the west of the mosque to accommodate the growing number of worshippers in 1981, the old mosque was surrounded by new prayer areas on these sides, enlarging five times its size.


The latest renovations took place under King Fahd and have greatly increased the size of the mosque, allowing it to hold a large number of worshippers and pilgrims and adding modern comforts like air conditioning. He also installed twenty seven moving domes at the roof of Al-Masjid an-Nabawi.


In 2007, according to The Independent, a pamphlet, published by the Saudi Ministry of Islamic Affairs and endorsed by the grand mufti of Saudi Arabia, stated that "the green dome shall be demolished and the three graves flattened in the Prophet's Masjid".


The original mosque was not very large, and today the original exists only as a small portion of the larger mosque. The newer and older sections of the mosque are quite distinct. The older section has many colorful decorations and numerous small pillars.










As it stands today, the mosque has a rectangular plan on two floors with the Ottoman prayer hall projecting to the south. The main prayer hall occupies the entire first floor. The mosque enclosure is 100 times bigger than the first mosque built by Muhammad(SAW) and can accommodate more than half a million worshippers.


The mosque has a flat paved roof topped with 27 sliding domes on square bases. Holes pierced into the base of each dome illuminate the interior. The roof is also used for prayer during peak times, when the domes slide out on metal tracks to shade areas of the roof, creating light wells for the prayer hall. At these times, the courtyard of the Ottoman mosque is also shaded with umbrellas affixed to freestanding columns. The roof is accessed by stairs and escalators. The paved area around the mosque is also used for prayer, equipped with umbrella tents. Sliding Domes and retractable umbrella-like canopies are designed by the German architect Mahmoud Boda Rasch and his firm SL Rasch GmbH and Buro Happold.


The north facade has three evenly spaced porticos, while the east, west and south facades have two. The walls are composed of a series of windows topped by pointed arches with black and white voussoirs. There are six peripheral minarets attached to the new extension, and four others frame the Ottoman structure. The mosque is lavishly decorated with polychrome marble and stones. The columns are of white marble with brass capitals supporting slightly pointed arches, built of black and white stones. The column pedestals have ventilation grills that regulate the temperature inside the prayer hall.


This new mosque contains the older mosque within it. The two sections can be easily distinguished: the older section has many colorful decorations and numerous small pillars, and fans have been installed in the ceiling; the new section is in gleaming white marble and is completely air-conditioned.






View of the Rawdah from the side


As per Prophet Mohammed (SAW), Rawadh is also in Heaven, the same Rawdah which is currently in Masjid -e- Nabwi. It is a small place in Masjid -e- Nabwi, floored with Green Carpet just to identify it & the entire Mosque is floored with red carpet. The Rawdah is one of the most important features of the site. It holds the tomb of Muhammad and two of his companions and first Caliphs, Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al Khattab. A fourth grave is reserved for Jesus, as it is believed that he will return and will be buried at the site. The site is covered by the Green Dome. It was constructed in 1817 C.E. during the reign of Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II and painted green in 1839 C.E. The Rawdah has two small gateways. The original pulpit was much smaller than the current one, and constructed of palm three wood, not marble. The current marble pulpit was constructed by the Ottomans








The Quba Mosque (Quba' Masjid or Masjid al-Quba,) in the outlying environs of Medina in Saudi Arabia, is the oldest mosque in the world. Its first stones were positioned by the Islamic prophet Muhammad (SAW) as soon as he arrived on his emigration from the city of Mecca to Medina and the mosque was completed by his companions. Muhammad spent more than 20 nights in this mosque (after migrating) praying qasr (a short prayer) while waiting for Ali (RA) whose house was behind this mosque.


According to Islamic tradition, offering two rakaʿāt of nafl prayers in the Quba Mosque is equal to performing one Umrah.


Muhammad used to go there, riding or on foot, every Saturday and offer a two rak'ah prayer. He advised others to do the same, saying, "Whoever makes ablutions at home and then goes and prays in the Mosque of Quba, he will have a reward like that of an 'Umrah." This hadith is reported by Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Al Nasa'l, Ibn Majah and Hakim al Nashaburi.








File:MQuba 091109-0146.jpg

When Abdel-Waleed El Wakil was commissioned, in the 20th century, to conceive a larger mosque, he intended to incorporate the old structure into his design. But the old mosque was torn down and replaced with a new one.

The new mosque consists of a rectangular prayer hall raised on a second storey platform. The prayer hall connects to a cluster containing:

  • residential areas,
  • offices,
  • ablution facilities,
  • shops, and
  • a library

Six additional entrances are dispersed on the northern, eastern and western façades. Four minarets mark the corners of the prayer hall. The minarets rest on square bases, have octagonal shafts which take on a circular shape as they reach the top.


The prayer hall is arranged around a central courtyard, characterised by six large domes resting on clustered columns. A portico, which is two bays in depth, borders the courtyard on the east and west, while a one-bayed portico borders it on the north, and separates it from the women's prayer area.

The women's prayer area, which is surrounded by a screen, is divided into two parts as a passageway connects the northern entrance with the courtyard.

When Quba Mosque was rebuilt in 1986, the Medina architecture was retained - ribbed white domes, and basalt facing and modest exterior - qualities that recalls Madina's simplicity. The courtyard, is flagged with black, red and white marble. It is screened overhead by day from the scorching heat with shades. arabesque latticework filters the light of the palm groves outside. Elements of the new building include work by the Egyptian architect Abdel-Wahed El-Wakil and the Stuttgart tensile architect Mahmoud Bodo Rasch, a student of Frei Otto.