BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:

 

AL AZHAR MOSQUE AND UNIVERSITY: CAIRO EGYPT

 

File:Cairo - Islamic district - Al Azhar Mosque and University.JPG

AL AZHAR MOSQUE AND UNIVERSITY: CAIRO EGYPT

 

Al-Azhar Mosque  "mosque of the most resplendent" is a mosque in Islamic Cairo in Egypt. Al-Mu'izz li-Din Allah of the of the Fatimid Caliphate commissioned its construction for the newly established capital city in 970. Its name is usually thought to allude to the Islamic prophet Muhammad's (SAW) daughter Fatimah (RA), a revered figure in Islam who was given the title az-Zahrā′ ("the shining one"). It was the first mosque established in Cairo, a city that has since gained the nickname "the city of a thousand minarets."

 

After its dedication in 972, and with the hiring by mosque authorities of 35 scholars in 989, the mosque slowly developed into what is today the second oldest continuously run university in the world after Al Karaouine. Al-Azhar University has long been regarded as the foremost institution in the Islamic world for the study of Sunni theology and sharia, or Islamic law. The university, integrated within the mosque as part of a mosque school since its inception, was nationalized and officially designated an independent university in 1961, following the Egyptian Revolution of 1952.

 

Over the course of its over a millennium-long history, the mosque has been alternately neglected and highly regarded. Because it was founded as an Ismāʿīli institution, Saladin and the Sunni Ayyubid dynasty that he founded shunned al-Azhar, removing its status as a congregational mosque and denying stipends to students and teachers at its school. These moves were reversed under the Mamluk Sultanate, under whose rule numerous expansions and renovations took place. Later rulers of Egypt showed differing degrees of deference to the mosque and provided widely varying levels of financial assistance, both to the school and to the upkeep of the mosque. Today, al-Azhar remains a deeply influential institution in Egyptian society and a symbol of Islamic Egypt.

 

NB Many a Shaikhs from our community studied and qualified at this institutions....those that comes to mind: Shaikh Safraz Bacchus of Al Abdin Masjid Queens NY and Shaikh Zakir Khan of Guyana 

 

Last edited by Former Member

BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:

 

AL AZHAR MOSQUE AND UNIVERSITY: CAIRO EGYPT

 

File:Al-Azhar [inside) 2006.jpg

Marble paved interior courtyard added during the Fatimid period. Two Mamluk era minarets appear in the foreground. From left to right, the double-finial minaret of Qansah al-Ghuri and the minaret of Qaytbay. Behind the dome the top of Aqbaghawiyya minaret is visible. The minaret in the far background was built by Katkhuda

BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:

 

AQSUNQUR MOSQUE OR THE BLUE MOSQUE : CAIRO EGYPT

 

AQSUNQUR MOSQUE OR THE BLUE MOSQUE : CAIRO EGYPT

 

The Aqsunqur Mosque (also known as the Blue Mosque or the Mosque of Ibrahim Agha) is located in Cairo, Egypt and is one of several "blue mosques" in the world. It is situated in the Tabbana Quarter in Islamic Cairo, between Bab Zuweila and the Citadel of Saladin (Cairo Citadel.) The Aqsunqur Mosque also serves as a funerary complex, containing the mausoleums of its founder Shams ad-Din Aqsunqur, his sons, a number of children of the Bahri Mamluk sultan an-Nasir Muhammad and that of its principal restorer, Ibrahim Agha al-Mustahfizan.

BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:

 

AQSUNQUR MOSQUE OR THE BLUE MOSQUE : CAIRO EGYPT

 

File:Cairo Aqsunqur 1.jpg

The MIHRAB (left) and MINBAR (right) of the mosque

 

The mihrab ("prayer niche" that indicates qibla) was built in a geometric interlace style typically found in Mamluk architecture. The design is used in the mihrab's spandrels. Other features of the mihrab include the hood's relief painted carvings, fluctuating lintel panels, marble panels, carved marble registers and mosiac inlay. To the right of the mihrab is the marble minbar ("pulpit.") Decorated with light gray, salmon, green and plum-colored stone inserts, it is the oldest and one of the handful remaining marble minbars used in a Cairo mosque. The handrail is also built of marble and has a pattern of rolling leaf and grape clusters carved from the stone.

BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:

 

THE AL HACKIM MOSQUE : CAIRO EGYPT

 

THE AL HACKIM MOSQUE : CAIRO EGYPT

 

Al-Jam`e Al-Anwar, literally:The Enlightened Mosque) also Al-Hakim Mosque is a major Islamic religious site in Cairo, Egypt. It is named after Imam Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah (985–1021), the sixth Fatimid caliph,16th Fatimid/Ismaili Imam and the first to be born in Egypt.

 

The mosque was originally built as an enclosure by the Fatimid vizier Gawhar Al-Siqilli (c. 928–992), but was incorporated into the extended fortifications built by Badr al Jamali. It consists of an irregular rectangle with four arcades surrounding the courtyard. An unusual feature is the monumental entrance with its projecting stone porch. It is located in "Islamic Cairo", on the east side of Muizz Street, just south of Bab Al Futuh (the northern gate).

BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:

 

ABU AL ABBAS AL MURSI MOSQUE: ALEXANDRIA EGYPT

 

ABU AL ABBAS AL MURSI MOSQUE: ALEXANDRIA EGYPT

 

The Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi Mosque is the most historic and most beautiful mosque in Alexandria. It was built primarily in 1775 over the tomb of a Spanish scholar and saint, Abu El Abbas El Mursi (1219-86), and stands on Mosque Square overlooking the eastern harbor.

History

 

Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi (whose full name is much longer) was born to a wealthy family in the Andalusia region of Spain in 1219. In the wake of increasing Christian control of Spain, he and his family left for Tunisia in 1242. He later went on to Alexandria, a popular destination of many Muslim scholars at the time.

 

Abu al-Abbas lived in Alexandria for 43 years as a scholar and teacher until his death in 1286. He was buried in a small building near the eastern harbor in Alexandria.

 

In 1307, El Sheikh Zein El Din Ibn El Qattan, one of the richest traders of Alexandria, visited the tomb. He funded a mausoleum and dome for the tomb, along with a small mosque. The tomb of Abu al-Abbas became a place of pilgrimage for many Muslims from Egypt and Morocco who passed through Alexandria on their way to and from Mecca.

 

The mosque was periodically restored over the centuries by rulers who built themselves tombs next to the saint. Most of the present structure dates from 1775, when the Algerian Sheikh Abu el Hassan El Maghreby built a much larger mosque on the site. It was fully renovated in 1863, and an annual festival was established to celebrate the birth of Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi.

 

The mosque was again beautified in 1943 under King Farouq I (r.1937-1952), who built the Midan el Masaged, or "Mosque Square." The square covers some 43,200 square meters and includes five other mosques centered around the Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi Mosque. The mosque was renovated in the Arabian style that was popular when the saint came to Alexandria in the 13th century, at a total cost of about 140,000 LE.

 

BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:

 

ABU AL ABBAS AL MURSI MOSQUE: ALEXANDRIA EGYPT

 

ENTRANCE OF THE ABU AL ABBAS AL MURSI MOSQUE: ALEXANDRIA EGYPT

 

El-Mursi Abul-Abbas Mosque is a famous mosque in Alexandria, Egypt. It is dedicated to the 13th century Alexandrine Sufi saint Abu Al Abbas El Mursi whose tomb it contains.

 

It is located in the Anfoushi neighborhood of Alexandria, near the Citadel of Qaitbay.

 

The Mosque was redesigned and built in today's current form by Eugenio Valzania and Mario Rossi in the years 1929/1945.

 

 

BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:

 

THE AL RIFA'I MOSQUE: CAIRO EGYPT

 

THE AL RIFA'I MOSQUE: CAIRO EGYPT

 

Al-Rifa'i Mosque, transliterated also as Al-Rifai, Al-Refai, Al-Refa'i, and named in English the Royal Mosque, is located in Cairo, Egypt, in Midan al-Qal'a, adjacent to the Cairo Citadel. The building is located opposite the Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan, which dates from around 1361, and was architecturally conceived as a complement to the older structure. This was part of a vast campaign by the 19th century rulers of Egypt to both associate themselves with the perceived glory of earlier periods in Egypt's Islamic history and modernize the city. The mosque was constructed next to two large public squares and off of several European style boulevards constructed around the same time.

BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:

 

THE SULTAN HASSAN MOSQUE: CAIRO EGYPT 

 

File:Kairo Sultan Hassan Moschee BW 1.jpg

THE SULTAN HASSAN MOSQUE: CAIRO EGYPT
 
The Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan is a massive Malmuk era Mosque and Madrassa located near the Citadel in Cairo. Its construction began 757 AH/1356 CE with work ending three years later "without even a single day of idleness". At the time of construction the mosque was considered remarkable for its fantastic size and innovative architectural components. Commissioned by a Sultan of a short and relatively unimpressive profile, Al Magrizi noted that within the mosque were several "wonders of construction". The mosque was, for example, designed to include schools for all four of the Sunni schools of thought: Shafi'i, Maliki, Hanafi and Hanbali.
 

BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:

 

THE SIDI ARIF MOSQUE: SOHAG EGYPT

 

File:SohagArifSouthSide.jpg

THE SOUTH SIDE OF THE SIDI ARIF MOSQUE: SOHAG EGYPT

 

The Sidi Arif Mosque (also known as Masjid Al-Arif BellahMasjid al-Aarif) is one of the largest mosque in Sohog Goverorate. It was built for the first time in the 14th century and was reconstructed several times; the last one was in 1968 and being renewed in 1998 for the last time. At the corners of the facade are two minarets, and the roof is crowned by a dome. Inside the five-naves mosque the bases of the piers and the walls were lined with red granite. The ceiling is painted ornamentally; in its middle is an elongated light dome. The southeastern half is lit by chandeliers. At the end there are the prayer niche (mihrab) with simple ornaments and to the right of it the wooden pulpit (minbar). A Mamluk prince's cemetery is situated inside the mosque next to the cemetery of the famous Murad Bey, who fled from Cairo after the Cairo Citadel genocide in the beginning of Muhammad Ali of Egypt era to settle down in Mamluk-controlled area of Jirja (now Sohog). The real name of the Arif Bellah who the mosque was named after him is still mysterious to know because the term Arifwas used by Sufi authors like Abu Abd al–Rahman al–Sulami (d. 1021) to mean "a gnostic, mystic; a seeker of marifa (spiritual knowledge)", similar in meaning to the terms salik, zahid, faqir, etc. The mosque is situated in the southern side of the city of Sohag near the main railway station and it is in the entrance of the famous old market(Soug) of Sohag, The Souk El-Qisareya.

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