BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:         PAGE 2

 

FRIDAY MOSQUE OF HERAT: AFGHANISTAN

 

THE JAMA MASJID OF HERAT AFGHANISTAN

 

The Jama Masjid of Herat, also known as the Masjid-i Jami' of Herat, and the Great Mosque of Herat is a mosque in the city of Herat, in the HERAT PROVINCE of north-western AFGHANISTAN. It was built by Ghurids, the famous Sultan Ghayas-ud-Din Ghori, who laid its foundation in 1200 AD, and later extended by several rulers as Herat changed rulers down the centuries from the TIMURIDS, to the SAFAVIDS, to the MUGHALS and the UZBEKS, all of whom supported the mosque. Though many of the glazed tiles have been replaced during subsequent periods, the Great Mosque in Herat was given its present form during the closing years of the fifteenth century.

Apart from numerous small neighborhood mosques for daily prayer, most communities in the Islamic world have a larger mosque, a Congregational Mosque for Friday services with a sermon. The Jama Masjid was not always the largest mosque in Herat; a much larger complex the Mosque and Madressa of Gawharshad, also built by the Timurids, was located in the northern part of the city. However, those architectural monuments were dynamited by officers of the British Indian Army in 1885, to prevent its use as a fortress if a Russian army tried to invade India.

 

BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:         

 

FRIDAY MOSQUE OF HERAT: AFGHANISTAN

 

THE JAMA MASJID OF HERAT AFGHANISTAN

 

History

The Masjid-i Jami of Herat, the city's first congregational mosque, was built on the site of two smaller Zorastrian fire temples that were destroyed by earthquake and fire. A mosque was begun by the Ghurid ruler Ghiyas ad Din Ghori in 1200 (597 AH), and, after his death, the building was continued by his brother and successor Muhammad of Ghor. This is confirmed both by an inscription on the eastern Ghurid portal uncovered in 1964 during a restoration, and by the sixteenth century Timurid historian Khwandamir in his Khulasat al-Akhbar.

 

In 1221, Genghis Khan conquered the province, and along with much of Herat, the small building fell into ruin. It wasn't until after 1245, under Shams al-Din Kart that any rebuilding programs were undertaken, and construction on the mosque was not started until 1306. However a devastating earthquake in 1364 left the building almost completely destroyed, although some attempt was made to rebuild it. After 1397, the Timurid rulers redirected Herat's growth towards the northern part of the city. This suburbanization and the building of a new congregational mosque in Gawhar Shad's Musalla marked the end of the Masjid-i Jami's patronage by a monarchy. Replacement of the small ruined mosque was done by construction of an entirely new building with surrounding gardens, which was completed by Jalal al-Din Firuzshah, one of the most prominent emirs under Shah Rukh (1405–1444). The decorations alone took over five years to complete, as the emir brought in workers from all over the empire. The mosque was later given a final renovation under the Mughal Empire, when Prince Khurram (Shah Jahan) was fighting for control of the region against the Uzbek tribes

 

BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:  

 

KING FAISAL MOSQUE OF PAKISTAN

 

KING FAISAL MOSQUE OF PAKISTAN

 

The Faisal Mosque is the largest Mosque in Pakistan, located in the national capital city of Islamabad. Completed in 1986, it was designed by Turkish Architect Vedat Dalokay to be shaped like a desert Bedouin's tent.

It is situated at the north end of Faisal Avenue, putting it at the northernmost end of the city and at the foot of Margalla Hills, the westernmost foothills of the Himalayas. It is located on an elevated area of land against a picturesque backdrop of the Margalla Hills. This enviable location represents the mosque's great importance and allows it to be seen from miles around day and night.

The Faisal Mosque is conceived as the National Mosque of Pakistan and named after the late King Faisal bin Abdul Aziz of Saudi Arabia, who supported and financed the project.

The largest mosque in South Asia, the Faisal Mosque was the largest mosque in the world from 1986 until 1993, when it was overtaken in size by the newly completed Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca Morocco. Subsequent expansions of the Masjid al Haram (Grand Mosque) of Mecca and the Al Masjid al Nabawi (Prophet's Mosque) in Medina, Saudi Arabia, during the 1990s relegated Faisal Mosque to fourth place in terms of size.

 

BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:

 

THE GRAND MOSQUE OF BAHRAIN

 

THE AL FATEH MOSQUE, AKA THE AL FATEH GRAND MOSQUE OR THE AL FATEH CENTRE OF BAHRAIN

 

The Al-Fateh Mosque (also known as Al-Fateh Islamic Center & Al Fateh Grand MosqueMasjid al-Fatih is one of the largest mosques in the world, encompassing 6,500 square meters and having the capacity to accommodate over 7,000 worshippers at a time. The mosque was built by the late Sheikh Isa ibn Salman Al Khalifa in 1987 and was named after Ahmed Al Fateh, the conqueror of Bahrain. In 2006, Al-Fateh became the site of the National Library of Bahrain.

 

The mosque is the largest place of worship in Bahrain. It is located next to the King Faisal Highway in Juffair, which is a town located in the capital city of Manama. The huge dome built on top of the Al-Fatih Mosque is constructed entirely of fibreglass. Weighing over (60,000 kg), the dome is currently the world's largest fiberglass dome. The marble used in the floors is Italian and the chandelier is from Austria. The doors are made of teak wood from India. Throughout the mosque are calligraphy writings in a very old type of style called Kufic.

BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:

 

THE MOSQUE OF DEARBORN MICHIGAN USA

 

THE MOSQUE OF DEARBORN MICHIGAN USA

 

The Islamic Center of America is a Shia mosque located in Dearborn Michigan. Although the institution dates back to 1964, the new mosque opened in 2005. It is the largest mosque in North America and the oldest Shia mosque in the United States. With its large Shia Arab population (consisting mostly of Lebanese), Dearborn is often called the "heart of Shiism" in the United States.

 

The Islamic Center of America is located at 19500 Ford Road in Dearborn. The institution was founded in 1963 by Muhammad Jawad Chitri, who remained its director until his death in 1994. The current Imam is Iraqi-born Sayed Hassan Al Qazwini.

 

BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:

 

THE MOSQUE OF BOCA RATON FLORIDA USA

 

File:Mosque in Boca Raton, FL.jpg

Last Updated: 2013-10-19
Address:
Assalam Center 1499 n.w 4th ave Boca Raton FL 33433, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA 
Phone:561-391-8233
Email:assalamcenter@aol.com
URL:www.assalamcenter.org
Directions:hwy 95 to glades rd east on glades rd to n.w 4th ave north on 4th ave you will see the center
General Information:Assalam Center is an Islamic educational and cultural center that caters to the Muslim community of Boca Raton and neighboring cities. It is open to all Muslims regardless of their schools of thought, ethnic background, or nationalities.
The primary purpose of the center is to protect and preserve the Muslim identity and culture of the children and youth, and assisting their families in that endeavor, hence, preparing them to be model citizens.
The Center is open for all 5 daily prayers as well as Friday Prayer.
Sunday Islamic School runs from 10:30 AM to 2:30 PM.
Halal lunch is served at noon on Sunday and after Friday Prayer.
Regular family dinners are organized on most Saturday evenings.
Youth from 15 to 25 years old meet most Thursdays after Maghrib prayers to exchange thoughts on Islamic issues.
 

BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:

 

ISLAMIC CULTURAL CENTER OF NEW YORK

 

File:Islamic Cultural Center E96 jeh.JPG

Looking north at the Islamic Cultural Center on East en:96th Street (Manhattan) on a sunny midday June 25, 2008  Category:Upper East Side


The Islamic Cultural Center of New York is a Mosque and Islamic Cultural Center in the Borough of Manhattan in New York City USA. It is located at 1711 Third Avenue, between East 96th and 97th Streets. The Islamic Cultural Center was the first mosque built in New York City. The mosque's older dwelling in a townhouse at 1 Riverside Drive, is still in continual prayer use as a satellite location.

 

Plans for a large Islamic center in New York were originally drawn up in the late 1960s as the first cultural center occupied a location at 1 Riverside Drive by 72nd street. The first Islamic Center started functioning on a small scale from a modest townhouse at that address. However, the board of trustees later aspired to build a new larger center in a way suiting its prestigious position in the community, and to be one of the landmarks of New York City. Later, an overall project comprising a mosque, a school, a library, a museum, and a lecture hall, were planned out. After years of delays which included raising funds from Muslim countries, a prolonged process of relocating tenants, and the eventual demolition of the buildings on the site; construction of the Islamic Cultural Center began in October 1984. Construction of the associated mosque began on May 28, 1987, the day which corresponded to the end of Ramadan. The cornerstone of the minaret was laid on September 26, 1988.

Construction was delayed during the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait and the First Gulf War. The mosque opened on April 15, 1991, for the feast of Eid ul Fitr. In the end, more than 46 Muslim Countries made contributions toward the $17 million construction cost of the mosque.

 

 

BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:

 

SULTAN AHMED MOSQUE IN ISTANBUL: TURKEY

 

SULTAN AHMED MOSQUE (THE BLUE MOSQUE) IN ISTANBUL: TURKEY

 

 

The Sultan Ahmed Mosque is a historic mosque in Instanbul. The mosque is popularly known as the Blue Mosque for the blue tiles adorning the walls of its interior.

 

It was built from 1609 to 1616, during the rule of Ahmed I. Its KΓΌlliye contains a tomb of the founder, a Madarsah and a hospice. The Sultan Ahmed Mosque is still popularly used as a mosque.

 

After the Peace of Zsitvatorok and the unfavorable result of the war with Persia, Sultan Ahmet the First decided to build a big mosque in Istanbul to calm God. It would be the first imperial mosque for more than forty years. While his predecessors had paid for their mosques with their spoil of war, Ahmet the First had to remove the funds of the Treasury, because he had not gained remarkable victories. It caused the anger of oulΓ©mas, the Muslim jurists. The mosque must be built on the site of the palace of the Byzantine emperors, in front of the basilica Ayasofya (at that time, the mosque the most worshipped in Istanbul) and the racecourse, a site of a big symbolic meaning. Big parts of the south shore of the mosque rest on the foundations, the vaults of the old Grand Palace

 

The Sultan Ahmed Mosque has one main dome, six minarets, and eight secondary domes. The design is the culmination of two centuries of both Ottoman mosque development. It incorporates some Byzantine elements of the neighboring Hagia Sophia with traditional Islamic architecture and is considered to be the last great mosque of the classical period. The architect, SedefkÒr Mehmed Ağa, synthesized the ideas of his master Sinan, aiming for overwhelming size, majesty and splendour.

 

Capacity 10,000

 

 

 

BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:

 

AUBURN GALLIPOLI MOSQUE: SYDNEY AUSTRALLIA

 

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AUBURN GALLIPOLI MOSQUE: SYDNEY AUSTRALLIA

 

 

Islam in Australia is a minority religious group. According to the 2011 census, 476,291 people, or 2.2% of the total Australian population were Muslims. This made Islam the fourth largest religious grouping, after all forms of Christianity (64%), No Religion (22.9%) and Buddhism (2.5%). Demographers attribute Muslim community growth trends during the most recent census period to relatively high birth rates, and recent immigration patterns.

 

While the Australian Muslim community is defined largely by religious belonging, the Muslim community is fragmented further by being the most racially, ethnically, culturally and linguisticall diverse religious grouping in Australia, with members from every ethnic and racial background, including Aboriginal and Anglo Celtic Austraiian Muslims. Members of the Australian Muslim community thus also espouse parallel non-religious ethnic identities with related non-Muslim counterparts, either within Australia or abroad

 

BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:

 

SUNSHINE MOSQUE OF VICTORIA: AUSTRALIA

 

THE SUNSHINE MOSQUE OF VICTORIA AUSTRALIA

 

The Cyprus Turkish Islamic Community of Victoria, more commonly known as the Sunshine Mosque, is an Ottoman/Turkish-style mosque in Sunshine, a suburb of Melbourne, Australia. The Mosque contains 17 domes, a minaret, and a courtyard.

 

In 1985, the Turkish Cypriot community in Melbourne saw the potential to build a mosque on a vacant block on Ballarat Road in Sunshine, Melbourne. Three members of the Cyprus Turkish Islamic Society offered their homes as guarantors to the Bank and became the proprietors of the lot for $191,000. Construction of the Turkish Cypriot Mosque began in 1992. The Mosque was designed to mirror the Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul, Turkey. According to a recent calculation by the committee of the Cyprus Turkish Islamic Society, the total expenditure of the Mosque exceeds $2,500,000.

 

BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:

 

UMAR MOSQUE IN AUKLAND NEW ZEALAND

 

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On the 26 June 1996, the agreement to purchase the property at 185 Stoddard Road, Mt. Roskill was signed amid a lot of criticism from some members of the community that the property was far too large for our needs and very expensive. This property was purchased at an auction for $1.5 million. The current valuation is over $4 million including the adjoining properties purchased over this period.

Masjid-e-Umar has also drawn people to live in Mt. Roskill. Mt. Roskill has the highest concentration of Muslims in New Zealand today. Real estate agents advertise properties in the Mt. Roskill area with the distinct words, β€œclose to or within waking distance of the mosque.” Numerous convenient stores, dairies, shops, supermarkets and a variety of retailers have sprung up here to serve the needs of its Muslim community.

There is a strong nostalgia during salaat times especially during the Jummah congregational prayer of the atmosphere back home where people would stream to the masjid from their homes and shops to observe their prayers. Over a thousand would attend the Jummah. The attendance at Eid prayer would be well over 1500.

 

There are 250 children benefiting from Islamic education imparted by ten teachers in the boys and girls madressa (religious classes) housed in this centre. About 20 hofaz (memorised the entire Qur’an) have graduated from this institute.