APNU+AFC manifesto has no room for improving oil deals – no new plans for industry
Feb 16, 2020 , Source -- Kaieteur News Online, https://www.kaieteurnewsonline...lans-for-oil-sector/
A Partnership for National Unity + Alliance for Change (APNU+AFC’)s manifesto has proffered no intention to renegotiate the oil contracts granted to companies for blocks offshore Guyana, despite the fact that every single one of the 19 discoveries made has strengthened the country’s negotiating position and cemented the status of the Guyana-Suriname basin as a world class exploration hotspot.
From left: APNU+AFC Party Leader, David Granger; AFC Leader, Khemraj Ramjattan and AFC Chairman, Raphael Trotman
Released on Friday last, the manifesto only refers to contracts in a line about the new production sharing agreement (PSA) model, which is being developed against years of criticism, especially leveled against the notoriously lopsided Stabroek Block PSA.
The party document states that the new model will be institutionalised.
This is known.
Energy Director, Dr. Mark Bynoe had already said that the Department he leads will not go to a licensing round for new blocks with the old PSA template. However, the governing coalition has never signaled an intention to bring current contracts into conformity with the new template. The coalition’s substantive opponent, the People’s Progressive Party (PPP), has indicated however, that it would renegotiate all oil contracts except the Stabroek PSA, if it wins the March general election.
Just about all the smaller parties contesting the general election have also indicated their intention to seek renegotiation for oil contracts.
Set to be Guyana’s most lucrative industry for years to come, the oil and gas sector has been at the centre of public discourse since ExxonMobil made the first discovery in the Liza field in the Stabroek Block in 2015.
Sure enough, the fiscal terms of the contracts handed to companies that wish to explore and develop Guyana’s coveted blocks have been discussed copiously. Because the contract model they are based on is outdated, the contracts do not reflect modern developments in the industry, nor do they consider Guyana’s increasing value as an exploration hotspot. For instance, the contracts generally carry a royalty of one percent.
The Orinduik Block PSA, operated by Tullow, has been identified by some as the worst contract of them all, even though it carries a meager one percent royalty, Guyana will have to pay that royalty back to the oil companies with its share of production. The Stabroek Block PSA, operated by ExxonMobil, carries a two percent royalty, and even that has been heavily criticised as lopsided and unfair. The criticisms are leveled not just against the royalty, but against a vast series of provisions well documented by this newspaper over the years. Kaieteur News has taken an official stance against the categorically unfair fiscal terms of the Stabroek Block PSA, and has called for a 10 percent royalty as a starting point towards a fair share for Guyana.
NO NEW PLANS
The manifesto proffers no new plans for the oil industry. The brief list of intentions for oil and gas, and the wider extractive industries, has already been effectively implemented. The party is yet to set out its detailed plan to get as much value from the sector – let alone – to manage the revenues which will flow in.
The manifesto states, in terms of fiscal governance, that the coalition would implement the Natural Resources Fund Act fully, implement the recommendations of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) made in its 2017 report, implement measures within the Guyana Revenue Authority (GRA) to monitor the sector, and amend the Petroleum (Exploration and Production) Act.
For local content, the manifesto states that the policy will be enshrined in legislation, with emphasis placed on local workforce development, supplier development and knowledge and technology transfer.
For environmental protection, the manifesto re-announces work on the developing oil spill contingency plan and the development of Guyana’s oil spill response capacity.
All of these propositions are already in play, and are the minimum requirements for the management of the sector.
The party promises reliable and affordable electricity from associated gas from the Liza-1 project, and a gas terminal, which would seek to create opportunities for employment. A similar promise has been made by the opposition.