I posted the above in SN and Mr. Keith Williams (referenced in Odeen's article) replied to my initial posting.
I am somewhat confused: What "exit to the Atlantic" is PEÑA referring to in his question above? Through the Cuyuni all the way to Charity? Venezuela has so much coastline why are they seeking this passage to the Atlantic...for their south-eastern commerce?
The other confusion is what is allowed under maritime law - Ramkarran said Law of the Sea Convention allows passage; Keith Williams says "UN maritime law permits the innocent passage of traffic through sovereign territorial sea lanes; and Odeen says "by international law Venezuelan military forces can enter the river east of the Wenamu only with the permission of the Guyana government." Are we talking about the same stretch of waterways here?
Grateful if someone knowledgeable could answer.