Finished reading "BOOK ROW" by Marvin Mondlin and Roy Meador. Book Row refers to a stretch of Fourth Avenue and intersecting streets in Manhattan NY USA. From the 1890s to the 1980s there was a proliferation of used bookshops in Book Row, from 14th Street in the north to Astor Place in the south and from Third Avenue in the east to Broadway in the west. Those bookshops sold secondhand books, rare first edition books, antiquarian books, manuscripts etc. Their customers consisted of book lovers and collectors, students and teachers and college professors, researchers, general readers etc. The booksellers also built and replenished university libraries, public libraries, as well as the personal libraries of millionaires and influential people like JP Morgan, Franklin D Roosevelt, Jackie Kennedy and Steven Spielberg. From the 1950s to the 1980s Book Row shrank one shop at a time until only one giant was left standing, the Strand Bookshop. Rising rent, aging booksellers, higher operating costs and redevelopment caused the demise of Book Row.