BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES OF THE WORLD:
SULTAN ABU BAKR STATE MOSQUE OF JOHOR: MALAYSIA
Sultan Abu Bakar State Mosque (Malay:Masjid Negeri Sultan Abu Bakar) is the state mosque of Johor, Malaysia. Located along Jalan Skudai, Johor Bahru, the mosque was constructed between 1892 and 1900, under the direction of Sultan Abu Bakar.
Tuan Haji Mohamed Arif bin Punak was the architect of the mosque. He intentionally based much of its appearance on colonial English Victorian Architecture as noted by the minarets that take the form of British 19th century clocktowers. The architecture of the mosque additionally includes some Moorish Architecture elements, along with some minor Malay influence. Tuan Haji Mohamed Arif bin Punak was supervised by the Johor government engineer Dato' Yahya bin Awalluddin who communicated the Anglophile sentiments of Sultan Ibrahim ibni Sultan Abu Bakar who was the Sultan of Johor at that time. This Anglophile influence can further be seen in the British architectural influences not only on the Sultan Abu Bakar State Mosque but also in several others government and palace buildings in Johor constructed during the same period.
The mosque sits on top of a prominent hill, overlooking the Straits of Johor. The mosque is named for Sultan Abu Bakar, the father of Sultan Ibrahim who ordered its construction.