President Granger's address today to the UN General Assembly.

Granger ups pressure on Venezuela in UN speech

 

granger un address

 

In his highly anticipated address to the United Nations General Assembly today, President David Granger focused exclusively on the border controversy with Venezuela charging that Caracas was trying to deny Guyana its birthright and calling on the UN to fulfil its pledge for collective security for small states.

“Venezuela has retarded Guyana’s development by threats that are intended to force a small state to yield its birthright.

“Venezuela’s expansionist ambitions cannot be allowed to unsettle the principle of inviolability of borders, undermine the tenets of international law and unravel borders which have been undisturbed for decades”, he declared, tracing the decades of attempts by Caracas to thwart this country’s development.

Granger gave a list of Guyana’s commitments:

• Guyana recommits to preserving the Caribbean as a zone of peace.

• Guyana renews its pledge before this august General Assembly that it will pursue the path of peace for all time.

• Guyana reaffirms its commitment to the peaceful settlement of international disputes.

• Guyana reposes total confidence in international law.

• Guyana seeks a resolution of this controversy that is consistent with the Charter of the United Nations.

Granger’s pointed homing in on Caracas came despite a meeting on Sunday where Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro tried to ease tensions which had reached boiling point in the last few months.

However, diplomatic observers noted that Guyana has had enough of decades of Venezuelan destabilization and the final straw might very well have been a May 26, 2015 decree attempting to appropriate most of Guyana’s Atlantic waters.

In the intervening months, Venezuela has ended a rice agreement with Guyana, withdrawn its Ambassador here, ordered a review of relations with this country, stalled approval of a new envoy from Georgetown, rushed missiles and troops to the frontier and made incursions into the Cuyuni River.

Sunday’s meeting under the auspices of the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon saw Venezuela agreeing to send back its Ambassador and to accept Guyana’s nominee. Diplomatic observers say this will however not change Guyana’s determined stance to have a judicial settlement of the border controversy which has plagued the country since 1962. Venezuela does not want judicial settlement but a continuation of the UN Good Officer process.

 

The text of President Granger’s address follows:

 

 

Statement of His Excellency, Brigadier David Granger, President of the Cooperative Republic of Guyana to the 70th session of the United Nations General Assembly, September 29, 2015.

The security of small states in the international system.

Mr. President,
The United Nations – established seventy years ago and a mere five months after the formal end to the Second World War – became the midwife of a new international order.

The new order of world peace was depicted symbolically and powerfully in the form of a bronze statue located on the grounds of this, the Headquarters of the United Nations. It embodies the vision revealed in Isaiah 2:4 of the Holy Bible:

…And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

This prophetic verse became the philosophical basis of the United Nations. The U.N. became the organizational foundation for a global order which saw the emergence of a plethora of newly-independent states, resulting from the decolonization process after the end of the Second World War. One hundred and twenty six states have gained their independence in the years following the establishment of the United Nations.

The United Nations began in 1945 with a membership of fifty one countries but today it has almost quadrupled to one hundred and ninety three states. The majority of new states are mini-, micro- and small states. The undemocratic and warlike empires of which they had been colonies were dismantled after two World Wars.

The questions which small states ask of the United Nations at its 70th anniversary are:

• How will our peoples be protected from foreign aggression?

• How will our territories be safeguarded from invasion?

• How will peace among nations be preserved?

• How will the independence of the new small states be sustained?

The Charter of the United Nations enjoins this organization with the responsibility to:
“…to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes”.

This responsibility is essential to the existence and survival of small states that are threatened by powerful states. Small states risk being subjugated unless the international community can demonstrate the capability and commitment to provide an effective deterrent against domination by larger, stronger states.

Mr. President,

The United Nations General Assembly, on May 9th 1994, in its 49th Session approved a Resolution (A/RES/49/31) which (inter alia):

2. Recognizes that small states may be particularly vulnerable to external threats and acts of interference in their internal affairs;
3. Stresses the vital importance for all States of the unconditional respect by all States of all the principles of the Charter of the United Nations, including the principles of sovereign equality, territorial integrity, non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries and the peaceful settlement of disputes and their consistent application;
4. Stresses also the importance of strengthening the regional security arrangements by increasing interaction, cooperation and consultation;
5. Appeals to the relevant regional and international organizations to provide assistance when requested by small States for the strengthening of their security in accordance with the principles of the Charter;
6. Requests the Secretary-General to continue to pay special attention to monitoring the security situation of small States and to consider making use of Article 99 of the Charter;
7. Calls upon the Security Council and other relevant organs of the United Nations to pay special attention to the protection and security of small States…

Mr. President,

Guyana is a small state. Guyana is a new state – a product of the post-World War II promise of peace. Guyana is a child of the United Nations. Guyana will, eight months from now, on May 26, 2016, mark the 50th anniversary of its independence.
For fifty years, our small country has been prevented from fully exploiting our rich natural resources. Venezuela has threatened and deterred investors and frustrated our economic development

For fifty years our territorial integrity has been violated by Venezuela which has occupied a part of our territory, the most recent incident being on the 10th October, 2013 when it sent a naval corvette into our maritime zone and expelled a peaceful, petroleum exploration vessel which was conducting seismic surveys.

For fifty years Venezuela has promulgated spurious decrees claiming our territory, the most recent being on May 26th, 2015, our independence anniversary, when it issued Decree No. 1.787 with specified coordinates purporting to annex almost our entire maritime zone. That decree constituted a reassertion of its claim to five of Guyana’s ten regions.

Guyana rejects the threats and claims by Venezuela which are in defiance of international law. Guyana resists Venezuela’s acts of aggression in defiance of the Charter of the United Nations which prescribes the peaceful settlement of disputes and proscribes the use of armed force.

Mr. President,

Guyana’s border with Venezuela was settled 116 years ago. The whole world, except the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, accepts our borders.

Guyana, at the 23rd Session of this Assembly in 1968, explained to the world how, in 1897, a Treaty of Arbitration was signed between the United Kingdom and
Venezuela. That treaty provided for the establishment of an arbitral tribunal “to determine the boundary-line between the Colony of British Guiana” and Venezuela. That treaty committed the parties “to consider the result of the proceeds of the Tribunal of Arbitration as a full, perfect, and final settlement of all the questions referred to the Arbitrators.”

The tribunal issued its award on the 3rd of October, 1899, giving Venezuela 13,000 square kilometers of our territory, an area bigger than Jamaica or Lebanon. Venezuela was bound under international law to respect that award, which it did for the subsequent six decades.

Venezuela, however, at the onset of Guyana’s independence resorted to various stratagems to deprive Guyana of its territory. There has been a series of acts of aggression by Presidents of Venezuela against my country – from the time of President Raúl Leoni Otero’s Decree No. 1.152 of 15th June 1968 to the time of President Nicolás Maduro Moro’s decree of May 26th 2015.

Venezuela — more than four times the size of Guyana with armed forces that are more than forty times the size of Guyana’s Defense Force — mindful of its superior wealth and military strength, and unmindful of its obligation as a member state of the United Nations, of the Union of South American Nations and of the Organization of American States, has pursued a path of intimidation and aggression. Venezuela is unsettling a settled border. It is destabilizing a stable region of the globe by the use of armed force against a peaceful, small state.

Venezuela has retarded Guyana’s development by threats that are intended to force a small state to yield its birthright.

Venezuela’s expansionist ambitions cannot be allowed to unsettle the principle of inviolability of borders, undermine the tenets of international law and unravel borders which have been undisturbed for decades.

Mr. President,

• Guyana recommits to preserving the Caribbean as a zone of peace.

• Guyana renews its pledge before this august General Assembly that it will pursue the path of peace for all time.

• Guyana reaffirms its commitment to the peaceful settlement of international disputes.

• Guyana reposes total confidence in international law.

• Guyana seeks a resolution of this controversy that is consistent with the Charter of the United Nations.

Mr. President,

The Geneva Agreement of 1966 signed between the governments of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Venezuela and British Guiana on February 17, 1966 provides for the Secretary General to take action to bring a resolution to the contention occasioned by the claim made by the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela that the Arbitral Award of 1899 is null and void.

Mr. President,

Guyana has the fullest confidence in the judgment and capacity of the United Nations, through the Office of the Secretary General to identify solutions that will validate the ‘just, perfect and final’ nature of the award. We thank the United Nations and the Secretary General for appointing various Good Officers to help to resolve this controversy over the past twenty-five years. We feel that this process has now been exhausted.

Guyana does not wish that this obnoxious territorial claim should obscure the prospects of peace and obstruct the possibility of growth for the next fifty years. We need a permanent solution in order to avoid the fate of perpetual peril and penury. Guyana seeks a juridical settlement to this controversy.

Guyana reposes its faith and places its fate in the international system of peace that was promised by the Charter of the United Nations seventy years ago. We want to bring an end to Venezuelan aggression. We want to develop our country, all of our country, in accordance with international law.

Guyana calls upon the United Nations to give real meaning to Resolution A/RES/49/31 of May 9th 1994 by establishing a collective security system not merely to ‘‘monitor’ but, more so, ‘maintain’ the security of small states. This Resolution is a ‘manifesto’ of small states security.

The United Nations remains our best hope. The United Nations is our best prospect of peace. The United Nations is our best assurance of security for a small state. The United Nations is our strength, support and succour in our time of danger. We pledge Guyana’s adherence to the Charter of the United Nations.

Mr. President,

Guyana seeks nothing more than the solidarity of this international community, the assurance of the Charter and the safety of international law.

Thank you, Mr. President.
And thank you, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen for your attention.

 

 

http://www.stabroeknews.com/20...un-general-assembly/

President David Granger and First Lady Mrs. Sandra Granger with United States President, Barack Obama and First Lady Mrs. Michelle Obama at a reception hosted by the Obamas on the occasion of the 70th Session of the United Nations General Assembly, in New York.

 

Originally Posted by Mr.T:

Compare that kind of statesman like presentation to the cuss down the PPP is only capable of delivering. No contest. We finally got a real president.

I am no fan of Jagdeo, but obviously you have never heard him deliver a speech at an international level.  By far the best speaker Guyana has ever produced.

Originally Posted by Mars:

President David Granger and First Lady Mrs. Sandra Granger with United States President, Barack Obama and First Lady Mrs. Michelle Obama at a reception hosted by the Obamas on the occasion of the 70th Session of the United Nations General Assembly, in New York.

 

bad picture . . . Granger needed to straighten he head

Originally Posted by Mars:
Originally Posted by alena06:

Ole lady Granger needs to cover up those fat, flabby arms.

At her age I'm sure she looks better than you. Definitely a lot better than Deolatchmie and her silver shoes. 

Michele is not that much younger than her and check out her arms

Originally Posted by alena06:
Originally Posted by Mr.T:

Compare that kind of statesman like presentation to the cuss down the PPP is only capable of delivering. No contest. We finally got a real president.

I am no fan of Jagdeo, but obviously you have never heard him deliver a speech at an international level. By far the best speaker Guyana has ever produced.

With due respect, alena, this is an overstatement. I am no fan of Burnham, but Burnham was a better speaker than Granger or Jagdeo.

Originally Posted by alena06:
Originally Posted by Mars:
Originally Posted by alena06:

Ole lady Granger needs to cover up those fat, flabby arms.

At her age I'm sure she looks better than you. Definitely a lot better than Deolatchmie and her silver shoes. 

Michele is not that much younger than her and check out her arms

Darn, you cannot even calculate someone's age now or understand the difference between generations. Sandra Granger is almost 70, Michelle Obama is 51. Please use a calculator and subtract 51 from 70 this time. I interact with professionals mostly on a day to day basis and I find it rather tedious dealing with you morons.  

Originally Posted by Gilbakka:
Originally Posted by alena06:
Originally Posted by Mr.T:

Compare that kind of statesman like presentation to the cuss down the PPP is only capable of delivering. No contest. We finally got a real president.

I am no fan of Jagdeo, but obviously you have never heard him deliver a speech at an international level. By far the best speaker Guyana has ever produced.

With due respect, alena, this is an overstatement. I am no fan of Burnham, but Burnham was a better speaker than Granger or Jagdeo.

Burnham tells the Guyanese people to remain calm. Instead Family Teach started not a blade of grass.

Originally Posted by ksazma:
Originally Posted by Gilbakka:
Originally Posted by alena06:
Originally Posted by Mr.T:

Compare that kind of statesman like presentation to the cuss down the PPP is only capable of delivering. No contest. We finally got a real president.

I am no fan of Jagdeo, but obviously you have never heard him deliver a speech at an international level. By far the best speaker Guyana has ever produced.

With due respect, alena, this is an overstatement. I am no fan of Burnham, but Burnham was a better speaker than Granger or Jagdeo.

Burnham tells the Guyanese people to remain calm. Instead Family Teach started not a blade of grass.

Wrong, kaz. Not Family Teach. Dave Martins.

Originally Posted by alena06:
Originally Posted by Mr.T:

Compare that kind of statesman like presentation to the cuss down the PPP is only capable of delivering. No contest. We finally got a real president.

I am no fan of Jagdeo, but obviously you have never heard him deliver a speech at an international level.  By far the best speaker Guyana has ever produced.

You are really delusional and overdosing on PPP propaganda.

Originally Posted by Mars:
Originally Posted by alena06:
Originally Posted by Mr.T:

Compare that kind of statesman like presentation to the cuss down the PPP is only capable of delivering. No contest. We finally got a real president.

I am no fan of Jagdeo, but obviously you have never heard him deliver a speech at an international level.  By far the best speaker Guyana has ever produced.

You are really delusional and overdosing on PPP propaganda.

I would Jagdeo is the the best baltz scratcher, The best Fagbutt, The Best Braggart, The best liar and last but not least,The best LOSER Guyana has ever produced.

Originally Posted by cain:
Originally Posted by Mars:
Originally Posted by alena06:
Originally Posted by Mr.T:

Compare that kind of statesman like presentation to the cuss down the PPP is only capable of delivering. No contest. We finally got a real president.

I am no fan of Jagdeo, but obviously you have never heard him deliver a speech at an international level.  By far the best speaker Guyana has ever produced.

You are really delusional and overdosing on PPP propaganda.

I would Jagdeo is the the best baltz scratcher, The best Fagbutt, The Best Braggart, The best liar and last but not least,The best LOSER Guyana has ever produced.

Don't forget - the best tiefman. 

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